Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms
of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position
and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges
from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth,
Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150
kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from Sub-tropical
Nepal is a country of high Himalayan Mountains, artistic monuments, exotic wildlife, and diverse cultures. It is the land where Lord Buddha was born over 2,500 years ago. The country covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers, and stretches 145-241 kilometers north to south and 850 kilometers west to east and is located between India in the South and China in the North. Nepal is primarily an agricultural country. Tourism, carpets and garments are major industries. Tucked away between India and the Tibetan Plateau, Nepal is dominated by the towering Himalayas - a majestic range of snowy giants standing guard over the stunning beauty of our country.Thanks to these huge mountains, Nepal enjoys the widest range of altitude of any country in the world. Altitudes vary from as little as 70m on the Terai plains to Mount Everest's colossal peak at 8848m. As a result, our vegetation zones include tropical, subtropical, temperate and alpine areas.
In these diverse natural environments an incredible range of flora and fauna flourish, attracting nature lovers all year round. Nepal is an ornithologist's paradise, with over 800 species of birds, including storks, pheasants, cuckoos and enormous birds of prey. For those who prefer larger animals, a visit to one of the National Parks could reward you with a sighting of our famous royal Bengal tigers, bears or one horned rhino. You do not have to go far to see the monkeys, many of whom live side by side with the residents of towns and villages!
Neither do you need to go to a museum to find evidence of Nepal's long and fascinating history: it's all around you in the towns and villages that dot the Kathmandu valley and lie hidden in the mountain ranges. Villages where everyday life still follows long established traditions, and where time almost seems to have stood still.
The Nepalese are naturally a friendly, welcoming people. We enjoy meeting people from around the world, and are proud to share our wonderful country with you. Visitors to Nepal often return time and time again, drawn by the stunning scenery, the warm and smiling people, the outdoor adventure and the special atmosphere that pervades the clear mountain air.
Location & Geography: The Kingdom of Nepal covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers, and stretches 145-241 kilometers north to south and 850 kilometers west to east. The country is located between India in the south and China in the north. At latitudes 26 and 30 degrees north and longitudes 80 and 88 degrees east, Nepal is topographically divided into three regions: the Himalaya to the north, the hills consisting of the Mahabharat range and the Churia Hills, and the Terai to the south. Elevations are varied in the kingdom. The highest point is Mt. Everest (8848 m) in the north and the lowest point (70 meters above sea level) is located at Kechana Kalan of Jhapa District. Altitude increases as you travel south to north To the north temperatures are below - 40 degrees Celsius and in the Terai, temperatures rise to 40 degrees Celsius in the summer. During June, July and August, the kingdom is influenced by monsoon clouds.
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Nepal - occupying only 0.1% of the earth - is
- 2% of all the flowering plants in the world
- 8% of the world's population of birds (more than 848 species)
- 4% of mammals on earth
- 11 of the world's 15 families of butterflies (more than
- 600 indigenous plant families
- 319 species of exotic orchids
Area: 147,181 sq. kilometers
Geography: Situated between China in the north and India
in the south
Population: 22 million
Language: Nepali is the national language. However, travel-trade
people understand and speak English as well.
Currency: Nepali Rupee (approximately US$ 1 equals Rs. 74.65
Political System: Multi-party democracy with constitutional
Religion: Nepal enjoys the distinction of being the only
Hindu Kingdom in the world. However, there is a harmonious
blending of Hinduism and Buddhism.
Climate: Nepal has four major seasons, namely,
- (1) Winter: December-February
- (2) Spring: March-May
- (3) Summer: June-August
- (4) Autumn: September-November
Nepal can be visited the whole year round.
People: Nepal has more than 61 ethnic groups and 70 spoken
What to Wear: Lightweight clothing is recommended for May
through October. Warm garments are required in October through
March. An umbrella or raincoat is a must for the rainy season.
The Northern Himalayan People
In the northern region of the Himalayas are the Tibetan-speaking
groups namely Sherpas, Dolpas, Lopas, Baragaonlis, Manangis.
The Sherpas are mainly found in the east in the Solu and
Khumbu region; the Baragaonlis and Lopas live in the semi-deserted
areas of Upper and Lower Mustang in the Tibetan rain-shadow
area; the Managis live in Manang district area; while the
Dolpas live in Dolpa district of West Nepal, one of the
highest settlements on earth at 4,000 meters.
The Middle Hills and Valley People
Several ethnic groups live together in harmony in the middle
hills and valleys. Among them are the Magars, Gurungs, Tamangs,
Sunuwars, Newars, Thakalis, Chepangs and majority of Brahmans
and Chhetris. The Brahmans and Chhetris have long dominance
in all pervading social, religious and political realms.
There are also some occupational castes namely: Damai (tailor),
Sarki (cobbler), Kami (blacksmith) and Sunar (goldsmiths).
Though, there exist numerous dialects, the language of unification
is the national language, Nepali.
Ethnic Diversity in the Kathmandu Valley
Kathmandu Valley represents a cultural cauldron of the country,
where, people from varied backgrounds have come together
to present a melting pot. The natives of the Kathmandu Valley
are the Newars. Newari culture is an integration of both
Hinduism and Buddhism. The Newars of Kathmandu Valley were
traders or farmers by occupation in the old days.
The Terai People
The main ethnic groups in Terai are Tharus, Darai, Kumhal,
Majhi and other groups that have roots in India. They speak
north Indian dialects like Maithili, Bhojpuri. Owing to
the fertile plains of Terai, most inhabitants live on agriculture.
There are, however, some occupational castes like Majhi
(fisherman), Kumhal (potter) and Danuwar (cart driver).
POPULATION OF MAJOR ETHNIC GROUPS
- ETH. GROUP POPULATION
- BRAHMAN 2388455
- CHHETRI 2968082
- CHEPANG 36656
- GURUNG 449189
- LIMBU 297186
- MUSLIM 653055
- MAGAR 1339308
- NEWAR 1041090
- RAI 525551
- RAUTE 2878
- SHERPA 110358
- THARU 1194224
- THAKURI 299473
- THAKALI 13731
- TAMANG 1018252
Nepali art has been deeply influenced by religion since
very early times. Early art of Nepal can be seen as stone
sculpture and temple architecture. Other art include Newari
Paubha and Tibetan Thanka paintings, wood and metal crafts,
ceramics and clay pots, textiles, paper, Tibetan carpet,
music and literature. Contemporary Nepali art represents
two distinct segments, traditional idealistic paintings
and the contemporary western style works. The contemporary
painting is specially noted for either nature based compositions
or compositions based on Tantric elements or social themes.
Nepali painters have also earned international reputation
for abstract works based on these themes.
Kathmandu Valley houses a number of museums
and art galleries displaying art work of the past and present.
Some are: The National Museum at Chhauni, Museums at Kathmandu
Durbar Square, Museum of Natural History at Swayambhu, National
Library at Puchowk, Kaiser Library at Thamel, National Birendra
Art Gallery at Naxal, Asa Archives at Tangal, National Art
Gallery at Bhaktapur Durbar Square, National Woodworking
Museum at Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Bronze and Brass Museum
at Bhaktapur, Nepal National Ehnographic Museum at Bhrikuti
Mandap. Museums outside the Kathmandu Valley are such: Dhakuta
Museum, Hattisar Museum in Bhimphedi, Mustang Eco Museum
in Jomsom, Tharu Cultural Museum in Thakurdwara and International
Mountain Museum in Pokhara.
Commerce has been a major occupation in Nepal since early
times. Being situated at the crossroads of the ancient trans-Himalayan
trade route, trading is second nature to the Nepali people.
Foreign trade is characterized mainly by import of manufactured
products and export of agricultural raw materials. Nepal
imports manufactured goods and petroleum products worth
about US$ 1 billion annually. The value of exports is about
US$ 315 million. Carpets are Nepal's largest export, earning
the country over US$ 135 million per year. Garment exports
account for more than US$ 74 million and handicraft goods
bring in about US$ 1 million. Other important exports are
pulses, hides and skins, jute and medicinal herbs.
Manufacturing is still at the developmental stage and it
represents less than 10 percent of the GDP. Major industries
are carpets, garments, textiles, leather products, paper
and cement. Other products made in Nepal are steel utensils,
cigarettes, beverages and sugar. There are many modern large-scale
factories but the majority are cottage or small scale operations.
Most of Nepal's industries are based in the Kathmandu Valley
and a string of small towns in the southern Terai plains.
Eight out of 10 Nepalese are engaged in farming and it accounts
for more than 40 percent of the GDP. Rolling fields and
neat terraces can be seen all over the Terai flatlands and
the hills of Nepal. Even in the highly urbanized Kathmandu
Valley, large tracts of land outside the city areas are
devoted to farming. Rice is the staple diet in Nepal and
around three million tons are produced annually. Other major
crops are maize, wheat, millet and barley. Besides food
grains, cash crops like sugarcane, oil seeds, tobacco, jute
and tea are also cultivated in large quantities.
Nepal is a developing country with an agricultural economy.
In recent years, the country's efforts to expand into manufacturing
industries and other technological sectors have achieved
much progress. Farming is the main economic activity followed
by manufacturing, trade and tourism. The chief sources of
foreign currency earnings are merchandise export, services,
tourism and Gurkha remittances. The annual Gross Domestic
Product (GDP) is about US$ 4.3 billion
PLANING YOUR TRIP
Access to Nepal
The Royal Nepal Airlines (RA) is the national flag carrier
of Nepal with flight connections to: Delhi, Mumbai in India;
Bangkok in Thailand; Osaka in Japan; Hong Kong, Shanghai
in China; Kuala Lumpur in Malaysia; Dubai in United Arab
Emirates and Singapore. Other international airlines connecting
Kathmandu to other parts of the world are Biman Bangladesh
to Dacca in Bangladesh; China Airlines to Lhasa in Tibetan
Autonomous Region of China; Druk Air to Paro in Bhutan and
New Delhi in India; Gulf Air to Abu Dhabi in United Arab
Emirates; Indian Airlines to Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi in
India; Qatar Airways to Doha in Qatar; Thai International
to Bangkok in Thailand.
Since Nepal has India in three sides and
China in the north, coming to Nepal by land requires one
to pass through India or China. The entry points to Nepal
from India are Kakkarbhitta, Birgunj, Belhiya, Bhairawa,
Nepalgunj, Dhangadi and Mahendra Nagar. The Kodari Pass
in Nepal-China border is the entry point to Nepal from China.
Tourists entering the kingdom by land must possess an international
Nepal has every category of accommodation facilities
that range from the international standard star hotels to
budget hotels and lodges. In order to have an assured quality
service, it is advisable to use the facilities and services
of government registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies,
licensed tour guides only and engage an authorized trekking
guide or porter only through a registered travel and trekking
In the last few decades Kathmandu and Pokhara
with the rest of Nepal has seen mushrooming of world class
hotels. During spring and fall, the better hotels work at
near full capacity and are booked well in advance. There
are, however, plenty of less glamorous but decent hotels
to suit everyone's fancies and finances.
Most hotels offer choice of: bed and breakfast;
bed, breakfast and one other meal; or room and full board.
Rates listed however, are for room only, unless otherwise
indicated. Besides officially recognized hotels, there are
a number of small lodge accommodation available between
US $5 and $10 a night depending on facilities; toilets and
showers are generally communal and heating is extra. These
small hostelries are located in the old parts of Kathmandu
and in the Thamel district.
Even in remote parts of Nepal, the coming
of tourists over the years has led to the local population
paying attention to tourist facilities, hence making accommodation
and meals for tourists more easily available than before.
Postal Services: The Central Post Office
located near Dharahara Tower, is open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
Monday through Friday. The counters are open from 7 a.m.
to 4 p.m. and provide stamps, postcards and aerograms. Post
Restante is available Monday through Friday from 9 a.m.
to 5 p.m. Express Mail Service (EMS) is available at GPO
and at Thamel, Basantapur and airport postal counters.
Telephone Services: Telephone,
fax, telex and telegraph services are available at the Nepal
Telecommunications Corporation at Tripureshwar. Hotels and
private communications centers provide long distance telephone.
For calling from outside, country code for Nepal is 977
and the area code for Kathmandu is 1.
Internet Services: Several
Internet cafes and communication centers have opened up
in the Valley and around the country in the past few years.
Visitors only have to find a place they are most comfortable
in to use the facilities to keep in touch with home. E-mail
and Internet services are also offered by hotels.
Media: Nepali media has
sped light years ahead in just a few years time and what
used to be a controlled and tight knit community, is so
no more. The government audio and television news networks
are Radio Nepal and Nepal Television respectively. However,
numerous FM radio stations and upcoming regional television
stations are dominating the market. Major Nepali daily newspapers
are Gorkhapatra and Kantipur, while the English dailies
are The Rising Nepal, The Kathmandu Post and The Himalayan.
A number of other newspapers and magazines are also available.
Electricity: Major towns
have electricity and the voltage available is 220-volts
and 50 cycles. Load shedding is sometimes experienced. However,
most major hotels have installed their own generators.
Customs: All baggage must be declared and
cleared through the customs on arrival at the entry. Personal
effects are permitted free entry.Passengers arriving at
Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) without any dutiable
goods can proceed through the Green Channel for quick clearance
without a baggage check. If you are carrying dutiable articles,
you have to pass through the Red Channel for detailed customs
Import: Apart from used
personal belongings, visitors are allowed to bring to Nepal
free of duty cigarette (200) or cigars (50), distilled liquor
(one 1.15 liter bottle), and film (15 rolls). You can also
bring in the following articles free of duty on condition
that you take them out with you when you leave: binocular,
movie or video camera, still camera, laptop computer, and
portable music system.
Export: The exports of
antiques require special certification from the Department
of Archeology, National Archive Building, Ram Shah Path,
Kathmandu. It is illegal to export objects over 100 years
old like sacred images, paintings, manuscripts that are
valued for culture and religious reasons. Visitors are advised
not to purchase such items as they are Nepal's cultural
heritage and belong here.
For more information on customs matters,
contact the Chief Customs Administrator, TIA Customs Office.
Entry Procedure and Visa Rules
Gratis visa for all tourists who visit Nepal for 3 days
Gratis visa for tourists of SAARC countries and People's
Republic of China.
Single entry- US$ 30 days for 60 days
Multiple entry- US$ 50 + US$ 30.
Visa will be extended subsequently for
30 days each upon payment of US$ 30 for a maximum period
of 150 days in a visa year (Jan-Dec).
Visa can be obtained either on arrival
in Nepal or from Royal Nepalese Embassy or Consulate or
other Mission offices abroad. Two passport size photographs
Indians do not require visa to visit Nepal.
However, they require to be in possession of any one of
the following documents while travelling between the two
- Valid national passport
- Photo identity card issued by the government of India/any
State Government or Union Territory/Administration in
India/Identity Cards issued by the Election Commission
of India. (Except Tatkal Identity Cards issued by the
Ministry of Railways).
- Children between 10-18 years age group are allowed
to travel by air on the strength of a passport or photo
identity card issued by the Principal of their school
- Emergency Certificate issued by Embassy of India, Kathmandu
to Indian nationals in case of emergent conditions.
Children up to the age of 10 years will
not require the above-mentioned documents for travelling
between India and Nepal, by air.
Ethics and Etiquette
Nepalis practice cultural etiquettes that may sometimes
appear unusual to visitors. However, a handful of tips could
acquaint visitors with these otherwise strange practices.
1. The form of greeting in Nepal is 'namaste' performed
by joining palms together.
2. As a mark of respect Nepalis usually take off their shoes
before entering someone's home, temple or stupa.
3. Food or material that contains another's saliva is considered
'jutho' or impure.
4. Touching something with feet or using left hand to give
or take is considered offense among Nepalis.
5. Women wearing skimpy outfits are frowned upon especially
in the rural parts of the country.
6. As a part of the tradition some Hindu temples do not
allow westerners to enter.
7. Leather articles are prohibited inside temple precinct.
8. Walking around temples or stupas is traditionally done
9. To avoid conflict photography is carried out after receiving
permission from the object or person.
10. Public displays of affection between man and woman are
11. Nodding head and a slight dangling of head from left
to right means 'Yes' while shaking head means a 'No.'
Foreign Currency Exchange
Nepal Rastra Bank have listed the following currency for
official transaction for the purpose of buying and selling:
US Dollar, Euro, Pound Sterling, Swiss Franc, Australian
Dollar, Canadian Dollar, Singapore Dollar, Japanese Yen
and Chinese Yuan* . However the Nepal Rastra Bank has listed
another five currencies for the purpose of buying only:
Swedish Kroner, Danish Kroner, Hong Kong Dollar, Saudi Arab
Riyal and Katari Riyal.
Please note that Chinese Yuan can be transacted
only with Chinese tourists and Nepali exporters and importers.
Indian currency is accepted in Nepal except the 500 and
1000 denomination notes. It is illegal and punishable offence
to carry these notes within Nepal.
Credit Card like American Express, Visa
and Mastercard are widely accepted in tourist areas like
Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan and in the Everest region.
Visitors can go to different parts of Nepal either by road
or by air. Among domestic airlines of Nepal the Royal Nepal
Airlines provides extensive network. Other domestic airlines
more than 18 in operation provide regular and charter services
to popular domestic destinations. Excepting weather conditions
Nepal's domestic air service is known to be punctual and
Buses are available to different parts
of the capital and the kingdom from the new bus park in
Gongabu and the old bus park in Sundhara. Regular bus services
operate within the three cities in Kathmandu Valley. Scheduled
bus services for outside the Valley operate from the Gongabu
Bus Terminal. There are tourist bus services to selected
places offered by a few travel agencies. In addition, one
can also hire private vehicles at nominal rates.
Airport bus carries passengers from the
airport into the city. Getting around Kathmandu Valley is
made easier by metered taxis that can be hailed off the
streets and are easily recognizable by the taxi sign and
their black number plates. No tip is expected. Night taxis
are available for higher prices. Three wheeler scooters
that are cheaper than taxis are also available. For cheaper
rides buses and teeny vans called micro buses are available
to different parts of the Valley. Battery run scooters also
serve the same purpose.
Airport tax is applicable to Nepali and
non-Nepali citizens who use airport facilities. The airport
tax specified for different flights from Tribhuwan International
Airport (TIA) and other domestic airports are as follows:
1. International Sector TIA and
a) SAARC Regions Rs. 700/- Rs. 500/- b) Other Countries
Rs. 1000/- Rs. 750/-
2. Domestic Sector
a) Rs 150/- at TIA, Pokhara, Bhadrapur, Biratnagar, Simara,
Bhairawa, Lukla, Neplagunj, Jomsom and Meghauli Airports.
b) Rs 125/- at Rajbiraj, Janakpur, Bharatpur, Tikapur, Dang,
Surkeht, Dhangadi and Mahendranagar.
c) Other airports which does not fall under the category
of (a) and (b) will be charged Rs.50/-
Note: In addition, VAT
(value added tax) will be imposed on the above mentioned
Trekking Permit: While
permission is not required to trek to most areas, trekking
permit is required for restricted areas. To get a group
trekking permit an application form should be submitted
through any registered trekking agency of Nepal. Some restricted
areas are open only for group trekkers and trekking permit
to these areas will not be issued to individual trekkers.
For detail information about the permit please contact Department
of Immigration of Nepal.
a. Travel document is issued for US $ 20 in case
of loss, damage, theft, expiry of the passport.
b. Entry visa is issued from the Department of Immigration
at 25 percent additional fee along with regular entry visa
c. Certification of arrival or departure stamps or replacement
of trekking permit US $
Medical Services: Medical facilities in Kathmandu Valley
are sound. All kinds of medicines, including those imported
from overseas are available in Kathmandu. Kathmandu Valley
also offers the services of major general hospitals and
private clinics. Health posts have been set up by the government
in different parts of rural Nepal. However, facilities are
not on par with those found in Kathmandu Valley.
A travel insurance policy that covers theft, loss and medical
treatment is recommended. Make sure the insurance also covers
the activities that you will be undertaking during your
stay in Nepal such as trekking, rafting.
Visitors do not need any particular immunization for visit.
Vaccinations for cholera, meningitis, tetanus and diphtheria,
typhoid and gamma globulin should, however, be considered.
It may be a good idea to get a complete check-up before
A simple but adequate medical kit can be very useful while
traveling. The following items are recommended: Aspirin
or Panadol - for pain or fever; Antihistamine - as a decongestant
for colds, allergies and to help prevent motion sickness;
Antibiotics - useful if traveling off beaten track but they
must be prescribed; Kaolin preparation (Pepto-Bismol), Imodium
or Lomotil - for stomach upsets; Rehydration mixture - for
treatment of severe diarrhoea; Antiseptic, mercurochrome
and antibiotic powder or similar 'dry' spray - for cuts
Other things to be include are
Calamine lotion to ease irritation from bites or stings,
bandages and band aids for minor injuries, scissors, tweezers,
thermometer, insect repellent, sun block lotion, chopsticks,
water-purification tablets, throat lozenges (Strepsils),
moleskin, Sulamyd 10% eye drops, Acetaminophen (Paracetamol,
It would be hard to know all aspects of Nepal's health problems.
However, it would be useful to gather information on altitude
sickness (AMS), diarrhoea, giardia, dysentery, cholera,
hepatitis rabies, typhoid, tetanus, meningitis diphtheria,
malaria and HIV/AIDS Common sense can often save lives.
Prevention, the Best Medicine
Stomach upsets are the most likely travel health problem
but the majority of these cases are minor problems. Thoroughly
cooked food is the safest but not if it has been left to
cool. One should be careful about what one eats and drinks.
The number one rule is not to drink tap water or other water
from open sources. Reputable brands of bottled water or
soft drinks are available. While drinking and eating it
is important to make sure that water which may be unsafe
has not been added.
Do not drink unpasteurized milk. Boiled
milk is fine if it is kept hygienically and yoghurt is usually
good. Tea or coffee should also be all right since the water
would have been boiled. Salads and fruit should be washed
with purified water or peeled where possible. Food, drink
and snack from reputable sources are usually safe. However
beware of food that has been kept out in the open for long.
Wash your hands frequently, as it is quite
easy to contaminate your own food. You should clean your
teeth with purified water rather than straight from the
tap. Avoid climatic extremes: keep out of the sun when it
is hot, dress warmly when it is cold. Avoid potential diseases
by dressing sensibly. Do not walk bare feet as it is easy
to get worm infections through bare feet. Try to avoid insect
bites by covering bare skin when insects are around, by
screening windows or by using, insect repellents.
Climate: The seasons in Nepal can broadly
be categorised into two- dry and wet with monsoon. There
is dry season from October to May while wet season of the
monsoons last from June to September. The coming up of dry
season - from September till November - is the Autumn and
is the best time of the year in Nepal. With the end of monsoon
and the advent of Autumn, different kinds of celebrations
start in Nepal. The countryside is green and lush during
this period. Nepal celebrate their two popular festivals,
Dashain and Tihar during this time. Summer months in Nepal
are from April to September while winter months are from
November to March. In the north summers are mild and winters
harsh while in south summers are extreme and winters mild.
cotton clothing is recommended from May through October.
Warm clothes are needed for winter. An umbrella or a raincoat
is a necessary for the monsoons. For those planning to take
trips around the nation, appropriate clothing is required
depending on location and weather conditions of the area
at the time.
Time and business hours: Nepal is five hours 45 minutes ahead of GMT. Government
offices within Kathmandu Valley open from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.
in summer and from 9 a.m. till 4 p.m. in the winter. Outside
the Valley, government offices open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.
in summer and from 10 a.m. till 4 p.m. in winter.
Holidays: Except public
holidays, Saturdays and Sundays are the weekend holidays
in the Kathmandu Valley when most government offices are
closed. Outside the Valley government offices are closed
only on Saturdays. Most businesses are closed only on Saturdays.
Security for Visitors: Tourist Police was established in 1979 under the Ministry
of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation. The special unit
has been designated the task of providing security to visitors.
The team of Tourist Police consists of officers who can
speak and understand English and Hindi. They register complaints,
investigate matters, provide protection and safety to tourists.
They also try to ensure hassle-free trip for visitors and
assist tourists when necessary. There are three units of
Tourist Police forces in Kathmandu. While the main office
is at the Tourist Service Center in Bhrikuti Mandap
Here are some tips on how visitors
can remain safe:
1. Inform your whereabouts immediately upon arrival
to the local police or concerned embassy or consulate.
2. Use the services of government registered travel and
trekking agencies only.
3. Stay only at government registered hotels, resorts, guest
houses and lodges.#3481B4
4. Use only those porters who are authorized by your travel
agency or hotel.
5. Exchange foreign currency only at authorized places.
6. Carry certified copies of documents and leave the originals
and other valuables in the safe deposit box of your hotel.
7. Never leave these items unattended in your room.
8. Do not carry large sums of cash.
9. Carry travelers' cheques and limited amount of cash while
10. Never leave your luggage and other valuables unattended
at any time, any place.
11. In case of theft or loss contact the nearest police